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 //KHARA HAIS MUNICIPALITY


 

1

SUMMARY: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION

(FAO)1,2,3 TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME (TCP)

PROJECT ON IMPROVING STREET FOODS

IN SOUTH AFRICA TCP/SAF/8924 (A)

A. BACKGROUND

In South Africa, the preparation and handling of street food by the typical vendor can result in

potential significant health risks for the consumer. As much as 70% of diarhoeal diseases in

developing countries are believed to be of food borne origin. The foods are often prepared under

insanitary conditions and stored for long periods in unsuitable conditions before selling. Experience

has shown, however, that with proper training and control 4 of street vending, the potential health

hazards of street foods are minimized.

The objective of the project is to improve to improve the quality of street food and vending in South

Africa in order to ensure consumer safety and to provide vendors and consumers with health

education and training regarding acceptable street food preparation and practices.

Apart from official travel, materials, equipment training and general as well as direct operational

costs, the project provides for the services of the following:

•A national consultant specializing in socio-economics (2 months)

•A national consultant specializing in food technology and hygiene (2 months)

•An international consultant specializing in food inspection and training

(2 months)

•An international consultant specializing in consumer education (1 month)

•FAO backstopping services (2 weeks)

B. EVENTS INCLUDED IN THE WORKPLAN

1) Evaluation of street food situation / studies to gather data and information on the following:

- street food regulation / control

- socio-economic background of vendors / consumers

- street food practices – preparation, handling storing, selling

- hygienic conditions / handling practices in preparation / vending;

evaluation / analysis of study results;

identification of shortcomings, possible measures to improve safety of food vending; and,

draft report on study findings and recommendations.

2) Presentation of three one-day workshops in Gauteng, Western Cape and Kwa-Zulu-Natal

Provinces for Environmental Health Officers (EHO’s) and other role-players involved in street food vending to discuss the findings of the study and to provide an opportunity for further inputs before finalizing the report on the study.

3) Visit by two international consultants on food inspection and training and consumer education to:

- review of report on study and workshops findings / recommendations;

- preparation of training manual;

- preparation and printing of material to be used during street vendor and consumer

health education programmes; and,

- organizing / conducting campaign on consumer education in street food safety.

4) Presentation of two training sessions in the Northern and Mpumalanga Provinces for a group of EHO’s and street food vendors.

C. RESULTS OF EVENTS AND OTHER ASPECTS INCLUDED IN THE PROJECT

a. Surveys carried out by the two national consultants:

The two national consultants, (Prof JH Martins of the Bureau of Market Research, UNISA and Mrs

LE Anelich of the Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Technikon Pretoria), were

appointed and conducted a comprehensive survey to gather data on the socio-economic, control /

legislation, food handling practices and conditions and microbiological quality aspects of street

foods in the identified study areas of the Gauteng Province. The survey took place during March-April

2000 and consisted of interviews with vendors and consumers using questionnaires, and the

sampling and analysis of food on offer for sale.

A 104-page document on the results and analysis of the survey 5 as well as the literature study

conducted by the consultants were made available during May 2000 and copies sent to the three

provinces where the workshops were planned for distribution to the participants prior to attending

the workshops.

b. Presentation of provincial workshops:

In collaboration with the three provinces concerned, the following one-day workshops took place

and were attended by persons from the province, various local authorities and other institutions:

- 5 June 2000 at Kemptonpark / Tembisa Metro Council, Gauteng Province, attended by 95

delegates

- 14 June 2000 at Kuilsriver Local Council, Western Cape Province, attended by 54 delegates

- 22 June 2000 Durban Metro Council, KwaZulu-Natal Province, attended by 46 delegates

The following presentations were included in the programme of all three workshops:

- FAO Technical Support for Improvement within the Street Food Sector (Dr G Codjia 6 , Regional

Nutrition Officer, FAO, Zimbabwe / Mr SA Nkosi, National Programme Officer, FAO, South

Africa)

- Overview of the findings of the Project Study: Socio-economic Features of Street Food Vendors

and Consumers of Street Foods (Prof JH Martins 7 , BMR, UNISA)

5 Improving Street Foods in South Africa, Martins, J.H and Anelich, L.E., FAO (TCP/SAF/8924(A)), Oct 2000

6 FAO Technical Support for Improvement within the Street Food Sector, George Codjia

7 Socioeconomic Features of Street Food Vending, Hygiene and Microbiological Status of Street Foods In Gauteng, 2000, Martins,

J.H.

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